CFJ Vol. 31.2 (Fall 2016)

From the Publisher

The Times They Are A-Changin’

I’ll borrow a passage from an old Bob Dylan song:

“Come senators, congressmen

Please heed the call

Don’t stand in the doorway

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Relevant Tags: From the Publisher

From the Editor

Fall is here and with the changing of seasons and finalizing of the year, I always seem to find myself reflecting back on what went right and what can be improved. It is also the holiday season, which for a lot of us can cause an array of feelings. If that is not enough then you have the New Year filled with the promise of change. Learning from the past makes us better and improving our weak areas make us stronger. Dr. David Greene reminded me of how the industry changed drastically after 9/11 and “The Lessons That Were Learned.”

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Fire Departments Donate Truck and Supplies to Pine Terrace

Hurricane Matthew left its damage along North Carolina flooding many towns and leaving thousands homeless while first responders worked 24/7. Many fire stations were also damaged from high water flooding them. The state reported that 17 dams had also failed, releasing millions of gallons of water into many towns.

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Improving Prehospital Care of Athletes

There are many athletic events that EMS may be standing by or called to that traverse the contact and collision spectrums. High school football games are perhaps the most high profile events that EMS may be called on to provide patient care. Any care provided during these events will be seen by a huge number of people. The perception by spectators of high quality care or poor quality care can have negative or positive repercussions for an EMS agency. Even more important is that the care provided by EMS can have major implications for the injured student athlete. The potential for a spinal injury is small but the effects of such an injury can be catastrophic. There are approximately 12,000 spinal cord injuries per year in the US with more than nine percent coming from athletic events. Given that many fire and EMS agencies are at or respond to these types of emergencies, we just wanted to give folks some insight as to how care is evolving in relation to athletic spinal injuries. These injuries and the care given will take place in front of thousands of spectators, with many different types of providers’ presents, and in a chaotic environment. For these reasons it’s very important for EMS to educate itself about how to provide the care and it’s important for EMS to participate in multidisciplinary planning prior to these events

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Relevant Tags: NEWS FROM THE NC OEMS MEDICAL DIRECTOR

Challenging Pediatric Dogma —

As a Nobel Prize winning scientist, Daniel Kahneman gave us a deeper understanding of the human brain and how it makes critical decisions. The fascinating thing is that EMS providers must make decisions that are instantaneous.

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Relevant Tags: EMS 2016

HCN and CO in Fire Fighting and EMS

It isn’t just Carbon Monoxide (CO) we need to worry about. Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) is probably an even greater danger.

If you or members of your team have experienced a headache, sore throat or nausea after a fire, your bodies have warned you. Don’t ignore that warning! Today’s fires involve burning plastics and polymers that can quickly cause permanent injury. The reality is in, near and after today’s fires we cannot afford to assume that minor symptoms are not important or that EMS teams, command teams, pump operators, firefighters near an active fire, those cleaning up after the fire or even those investigating later are safe.

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Hazmat Team Leadership and Management:

While pondering our next topic of conversation, I began to reflect on the fact that next month I will celebrate having served 20 years in the arenas of the fire service and hazardous materials response. My thoughts quickly overruled my original intention of continuing our recent trend of discussing more technically related hazmat topics as I took a look back at the past 20 years and the lessons I have learned during my career in terms of leading a hazmat team. Leading so that the team and the individuals that comprise the team can realize their full potential and offer the utmost level of hazardous materials response capabilities to the public.

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Relevant Tags: SIXTY ONE DELTA ONE

Metropolitan Medical Response System

The Metropolitan Medical Response System (MMRS) traces its origin to the Metropolitan Medical Strike Team (MMST) concept created by the Washington Metropolitan Area in 1995. The MMST was a joint effort by Washington D.C., Arlington County in Virginia and Prince George’s and Montgomery Counties in Maryland. The MMST was primarily a glorified hazardous materials team designed to respond to a terrorist event involving weapons of mass destruction. Based on the success of the MMST, a similar team was formed in order to defend against a possible terrorist attack during the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia.

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Relevant Tags: HAZMAT

Important Information For the Grant Writer

Many emergency services agencies are looking for grants as a way to fund new and current projects. It is important for these agencies to understand the grant AND the grantor to increase the odds of receiving the grant. However, many of those who write grants are new at doing this. There are some basic pieces of information that anyone writing grants should understand.

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Several Items Concerning Rescue

I recently returned from the 60th Annual Convention of the North Carolina Association of Rescue and EMS held in Hickory, North Carolina on Sept. 8-11, 2016. There were instructional classes in rescue evolutions involving winching operations and procedures, use of struts in vehicle movement and stabilization, several classes involving EMS field operations and training, and numerous vendors promoting various trucks and equipment for EMS and rescue applications.

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Relevant Tags: RESCUE A-Z

Training for Active Killer Situations

The Department of Defense has done an amazing job of determining how to best assess, treat, and evacuate combat casualties over the last 15 years of sustained conflict. The days of professional responders staging in the cold zones have come and gone.

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What Have We Learned Since 9/11?

As usual you are reading this long after it has been typed.  The 15th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks is this weekend, and it is weighing heavily in my mind and heart.  I’d like to spend this article talking about firefighter Daniel Suhr.  Danny was with Engine Company 216 at FDNY and was 37 years old on 9/11/2001. 

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Give Me My Training

Have you attended the National Fire Academy recently and had to deal with the possibility of a federal government shutdown? Having attended, and knowing others who have, it is unquestionable that this is becoming more of the norm in recent years. The National Fire Academy is the nation’s premiere educational resource for fire and arson investigators. A federal government shutdown affects more than just the federal employee. With a shutdown looming at the end of each fiscal year, this creates significant challenges to fire and arson investigators who are in pursuit of training needed in order to better serve their communities, and obtain a professional certification or promotion.

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Good Products IMPROVED

Sometimes, I see things that are improved upon and then I come across things that really don’t change much. Perhaps they are trying to survive off the vitality that once was there. As we continue to move forward we will continue to see tools and equipment evolve with the time.

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Relevant Tags: TOOLS OF THE TRADE

Avoid Tanker Gridlock with Single Lane Water Supply Setup

Synopsis: Fire departments are constantly struggling to deliver water to fire scenes without experiencing tanker gridlock. This article describes how the single lane water supply setup can help avoid tanker traffic jams.

Background

Shuttling water to fires on narrow roads can be a major logistical nightmare. We’ve all encountered situations where a fire is back a long lane. Tankers are lined up in the lane with a hose daisy chained from truck to truck until the water finally reaches the attack pumper.

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Finding Your Balance as a Volunteer

Many of us began serving our communities first as volunteers. Some may have chosen to become paid/career emergency responders while others have maintained their status as volunteers. And there are even some who are paid career firefighters, rescue technicians and emergency medical responders who also serve as volunteers within other organizations.

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Seat Time or Outcomes: What’s More Important?

Every semester a new firefighter or EMT class begins. Weeks in advance students begin signing up and instructors begin preparing to deliver the best instruction possible. When the big day comes they all converge on the classroom with a common goal, to LEARN.

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Retaining Volunteers From the Fire Chief’s Prospective

Retention of high-performing personnel is necessary to the success of any organization. This holds true particularly for volunteer fire departments where institutional knowledge can mean the difference between life and death for firefighters and the community at large. Community protection and wellbeing depends on the experience, expertise and tenure of local emergency providers. Volunteers bring tremendous depth and diversity to any emergency scene based on their regular jobs and their expertise in their communities. Weak retention rates often indicate a problem with an organization and diminish the level and quality of service to the public. Not all attrition is bad. Many organizations use exit interviews to get honest reasons why people are leaving. You should consider these reasons carefully to determine whether your organization is experiencing positive or negative attrition. If your retention rates are low and the reasons why people leave are not negative (for example, they are being transferred out of state), then the organization probably is performing well. However, if people are leaving because they do not enjoy the work, they have conflicts with other members or they are concerned about safety, you are facing an organizational problem. You should know the retention rate and average length of service of your department.

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Leadership Got Your Department ‘Boogered Up’?

I bet if you sat around the table or the tailboard of an apparatus or at any conference you would hear some folks talking about how “Boogered up” their department is. So what do you do when your department is “Boogered up”? The important component is to look in the mirror first and see if you are part of the problem. That’s right, I put the blame on you. Why? Well you are part of the department and most often we have a contribution to everything that occurs in the department at some level. So are you contributing to the “Boogering up” of the department? Well let’s look and see if you are part of the problem or part of the solution.

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Heavy Vehicle BUS Rescue

As I write this article we are preparing for a mission trip back to Guatemala to train their firefighters and rescue folks. This will be our fourth trip back down, and we have a great group of Instructors that will be going. We are spending two days with the firefighters covering vehicle extrication and stabilization. One of the big issues they have there is bus wrecks.

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Relevant Tags: EXTRICATION EDUCATION

Implementing Fire Dynamics Into Your Fire Attack:

There is no doubt, recent fire research is providing the fire service with a unique perspective unlike anything we have seen in our history. Never before have we been able to compare our fireground tactics using thermal imagery or fire dynamics data. We are witnessing how fireground actions influence fire growth that have resulted in catastrophic consequences.

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Relevant Tags: FIRE PHYSICS

Cultural Brainwashing

According to Merriam-Webster dictionary the definition of “culture” is:

  • The beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time.
  • A particular society that has its own beliefs, ways of life, art, etc.
  • A way of thinking, behaving, or working that exists in a place or organization — such as a business.
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Relevant Tags: BEHAVIORAL HEALTH

Town of Harrisburg Fire Department

Department Name: Town of Harrisburg Fire Department

County: Cabarrus

Type Department: Combination

ISO: 4

Number of Stations: 3

Number of Apparatus: Pumpers: 6 Aerials: 1 Specialty: 4

What type EMS do you provide?

ALS -Intermediate

Specialty Operations: Swift water and heavy rescue

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Relevant Tags: FIRE STATION PROFILE

Colleton County Fire-Rescue

Department Name: Colleton County Fire-Rescue

County: Colleton County, South Carolina

Type Department: Combination/ All Hazards

Structure: Public Service District covering unincorporated areas of the county and four municipalities. Governed by a five member Fire-Rescue Commission who reports to the County Council.

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Relevant Tags: FIRE STATION PROFILE

Temporary Firehouse

This issue we cover the process of building a temporary firehouse. The most common reason to build a temporary firehouse would be replacing an old firehouse with a new one on the same site. I have also had to set up modular buildings at three different 

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

Pitfalls to Avoid During Station Construction

(This is part one of a two-part series.)

There are people in the world that learn from their own mistakes and experiences, and there are those who learn from others’ mistakes and experiences. Those in the latter category tend to have a longer, less stressful life. If your future includes a new or renovated station project, it makes sense to learn how others have encountered challenges in the process so that you can attempt to avoid the same problems.

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

Key Considerations for Today’s Fire Station Architecture and Construction

With recent civil unrest and acts of terrorism on domestic soil, we’ve come to realize that no community is immune to potential incidents. As a result, training and readiness of first responders is more critical than ever — not only in our cities, but also in communities across North and South Carolina. Properly training emergency personnel and equipping fire stations has taken on new meaning.

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

Mutual Aid International

The story of Mutual Aid International really starts with the fire gear. The first firefighter I met in my trip to Guatemala that was trying to raise money, was trying to raise money for essential supplies. Therefore the first thing I could think to get for them was gear. Let me explain why fire gear was my first instinct. When you become a firefighter, the very first thing issued to you is gear. It is what makes you a firefighter. We’re just normal people, but when you put the gear on you can do extraordinary things. The fire gear is rated for temperatures up to 500 degrees. You’re still hot, you feel the heat but you have confidence in your gear that you can accomplish your job. We have a saying, “risk a little to save a little, risk a lot to save a lot.” So that just means we don’t care how hot we are, we are willing to lay down our life for someone that is helpless. We have the gear to do the job, so we have the responsibility to help those that are in need. But almost more importantly than the function of gear, is the great pride and value to you. Another saying we are fond of is that, “your coat has two names on it” — your family name and your department name — make them both proud, represent well.

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Talk With Your Significant Other, Not to Them!

Hope everyone had a great summer.  I know my family did.  We attended several fire conferences, spent time on the beach, time out on the boat and just some great family time.

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Relevant Tags: THE HOMEFRONT

Sharing Hope in Crisis

Nice, France: A Billy Graham Rapid Response Team chaplain, clad in the ministry’s signature blue shirt, approached a woman who was visibly distraught, clutching a bunch of flowers in her hand like a security blanket. The chaplain simply asked the woman if she would like to pray, and the woman warmly accepted the invitation.

After the prayer, the woman began to share her story.

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FIREFIGHTER FIT

Firefighters are required to perform a complex series of physically demanding tasks in hot, dangerous environments with heavy protective gear while being exposed to smoke and toxic chemicals. As a result, 85 to 100 firefighters die each year with approximately 35 to 45 due to sudden cardiac events. 

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IndustryNews

Kimtek’s MEDLITE® and FIRELITE® Transports are a Perfect Fit for the new Honda® Pioneer 1000-3

First responders have expanded options with new UTV/skid unit combination

In its continued expansion into side-by-side utility vehicles, the newly introduced Honda Pioneer 1000-3 readily accommodates the Kimtek MEDLITE and FIRELITE skid units. The Honda Pioneer 1000-3 has a cargo bed capacity of 1,000 pounds, allowing enough capacity to carry most of the UTV skid units KIMTEK currently offers.

A Useful Combination

With its modular, slide-in design and numerous adaptability features, Kimtek’s MEDLITE and FIRELITE Transport skid units can be installed in the Honda Pioneer 1000-3 cargo bed in just minutes. The MEDLITE and FIRELITE’s included tie-down system attaches to the Honda’s integrated tie-downs already located in the cargo bed for fast, simple installation. With MEDLITES offering a place for an attendant and a patient and the FIRELITES offering up to 70 gallons of water and a patient transport area, these combinations give first responders a powerful tool for off-road fire and rescue, wildland search and rescue, large event response, lifeguard operations, industrial fire and medical response, and many more field applications for police, fire, and EMS response agencies.

For more information about Kimtek’s full line of MEDLITE and FIRELITE Transport skid units, please visit www.kimtekresearch.com. More information on Honda Pioneer 1000-3 is available at For more information about Kimtek’s full line of MEDLITE and FIRELITE Transport skid units, please visit www.kimtekresearch.com. More information on Honda Pioneer 1000-3 is available at www.honda.com.

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Relevant Tags: IndustryNews

Fall 2016 New Deliveries

ROARING RIVER VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

ROARING RIVER VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

2016 Anchor-Richey EVS 3500 Flatbed Brush Truck w/Chevrolet chassis, 6.6 Duramax Diesel engine, 300 GPM Hale pump, 300 gal. poly tank, LED extendable scene lights.

Provided By Anchor-Richey EVS

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HENDERSON COUNTY EMS

HENDERSON COUNTY EMS

2015 AEV Type 3 TraumaHawk w/Ford chassis, 72” box, Ducted AC, complete LED warning lights, cooling drawer, solid surface counter tops, drug drawer, inverter, custom striping/graphics.

Provided By Northwestern Emergency Vehicles

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NEW HANOVER REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER

NEW HANOVER REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER

2016 AEV Medium Duty Trauma Hawk w/Kenworth chassis, 172” box, ducted AC, complete Wheelen LED warning light system, cooling cabinet, saline warmer, custom cabinetry.

Provided By Northwestern Emergency Vehicles

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COROLLA FIRE & RESCUE

COROLLA FIRE & RESCUE

2016 Rosenbauer Side Mount Pumper/Tanker w/International 7400 4x4 chassis, 1500 GPM Rosenbauer pump, 2000 gal. UPF tank, Pump-n-Roll, TFT front bumper turret with in cab controls.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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MOUNTAIN HOME FIRE & RESCUE

MOUNTAIN HOME FIRE & RESCUE

2015 MP3 Rosenbauer Commander 4000 Custom Side Mount Pumper w/Rosenbauer chassis, 500 HP Cummins engine, 1500 GPM Rosenbauer pump, 1000 gal. UPF tank,electrical cord reel.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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STAFFORD COUNTY FIRE & RESCUE

STAFFORD COUNTY FIRE & RESCUE

2016 Rosenbauer Commander 4000 Custom Side Mount Pumper w/450 HP Cummins engine, 1500 GPM Hale pump, 750 gal. UPF tank, Rosenbauer EZ foam system, OnSpot chains.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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STAFFORD COUNTY FIRE & RESCUE

STAFFORD COUNTY FIRE & RESCUE

2016 Rosenbauer 109’ Viper Aerial w/Rosenbauer chassis, 500 HP Cummins engine, Internal torque box slide out ladder storage, hot dipped galvanized aerial with 25 year warranty.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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STAFFORD COUNTY FIRE & RESCUE

STAFFORD COUNTY FIRE & RESCUE

2016 Rosenbauer Custom Side Mount Pumper w/Rosenbauer Commander 4000 chassis, 450 HP Cummins engine, 1500 GPM Hale pump, 750 gal. UPF tank, extreme duty front bumper.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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FAYETTEVILLE FIRE DEPARTMENT

FAYETTEVILLE FIRE DEPARTMENT

Pierce Arrow XT Pumper w/Cummins ISL9 450 HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous pump, 10000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, Harrison 6kW Hydraulic generator, AMDOR roll-up doors.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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INDIAN SPRINGS VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

INDIAN SPRINGS VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

Pierce Saber FR Pumper w/Cummins ISL9 450 HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous pump, 1000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised forward roof, Husky 3 foam system, Gortite roll-up doors.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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LAKE NORMAN FIRE/RESCUE

LAKE NORMAN FIRE/RESCUE

Pierce/Kenworth DX Tankers (2) w/Kenworth T370 chassis, Paccar PX-9 380 HP engine, 1000 GPM Darley PSP pump, 2100 gal. UPF poly tank.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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LEDGER VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT

LEDGER VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT

Freightliner/Pierce Responder 4x4 Pumper w/Cummins ISB 360 HP engine, 1250 GPM Waterous pump, 750 gal. UPF poly tank, Husky 3 foam system, Harrison 6kW hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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NEW HANOVER COUNTY FIRE SERVICE

NEW HANOVER COUNTY FIRE SERVICE

Pierce Enforcer PUC Pumper w/Cummins ISL0 450 HP engine, 1500 GPM Pierce pump, 1000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised forward roof, TAK-4 independent front suspension.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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SOUTH SURRY VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT

SOUTH SURRY VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT

Pierce/International Dry Side Tankers (2) w/Cummins ISL 300 HP engine, International 4400 chassis, 1000 GPM Hale pump, 2000 gal. UPF poly tank, Gortite roll-up doors.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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SWEPSONVILLE VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

SWEPSONVILLE VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

Pierce Impel FR Pumper w/Cummins ISL9 450 HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous pump, 1000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised forward roof, Husky 3 foam system, Harrison hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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TAPPAHANNOCK-ESSEX VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

TAPPAHANNOCK-ESSEX VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPT.

Pierce Saber FR Pumper w/Pierce chassis, Cummins ISL9 450 HP engine, 1250 GPM Waterous pump, 1000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised forward roof.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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TRENTON FIRE DEPARTMENT

TRENTON FIRE DEPARTMENT

Pierce Saber FR Pumper w/Pierce chassis, Cummins ISL9 380 HP engine, 1250 GPM Hale DSD pump, 1000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10’ raised forward roof, Gortite roll-up doors, generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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WAYNESBORO FIRE DEPARTMENT

WAYNESBORO FIRE DEPARTMENT

Pierce Dash CF PUC Pumper w/Pierce chassis, Cummins ISL9 450 HP engine, 1500 GPM Pierce pump, 700 gal. UPF poly tank, 11” raised roof, Harrison 10kW Hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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WEST POINT FIRE DEPARTMENT

WEST POINT FIRE DEPARTMENT

Pierce Arrow XT Heavy Duty Rescue Pumper w/Detroit Diesel DD13 500 HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous pump, 600 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, Harrison 15kW Hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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WHITSETT FIRE DEPARTMENT

WHITSETT FIRE DEPARTMENT

Pierce/Freightliner Dry Side Tanker w/Detroit Diesel DD13 450 HP engine, 1250 GPM Hale pump, 3000 gal. UPF poly tank, chassis by Freightliner M2-112.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Welcome to the Carolina Fire Rescue EMS Journal! We want to provide you with timely online information and breaking news that best equips you to meet today’s emergency challenges. Among our firefighting articles, you will find the latest in firefighter technology, firefighter training, leadership development and the newest products and services presented in an “Act Now” user friendly format.  We want to be your best online source for the fire and rescue information, resources and reviews you need.
 
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