CFJ Vol. 34.2 Fall 2019

Get to Know Your South Carolina EMS Association

The makeup of South Carolina Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is just as diverse as the men and women that rise to the occasion and respond to the nearly 1.2 million calls for service that we field each year. While there are many opinions on the direction and evolution of EMS, we can all agree that the landscape of our industry is changing. Your South Carolina EMS Association (SCEMSA) exists to serve as your collective voice as these changes are negotiated, regardless of your affiliation type or position within an organization.

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Relevant Tags: Rescue

‘Lights and Sirens’ Dangerous and Not Always Necessary

EMS agencies and their medical directors should be aware that a significant number of EMS personnel are injured during motor vehicle collisions while on duty and that emergency response “lights and sirens” is a significant risk factor for motor vehicle collisions. EMS agencies should continually review which types of calls really require an emergency response. In the July 2019 edition of the Annals of Emergency Medicine there was a very good study by Watanabe1 looking at the safety of “lights and sirens.” I recently reviewed part of this article at the March Medical Director update in Wilmington, North Carolina. I want to summarize a few key parts of the article to reinforce the need to be judicious when utilizing “lights and sirens.” The key point I want to drive home with my column this month is that “lights and sirens” is dangerous and only use when it’s really necessary.

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Relevant Tags: Rescue

Surface Water Rescue

There are quite a few specialties when it comes to technical rescue and water. Dive rescue, surface water rescue, swift water rescue, ice rescue, surf rescue, just to name some of the big ones. A team that wants to be successful and operate safely in these very dangerous environments needs to make sure that they are familiar with all aspects of what they are about to do. 

NFPA 1670 – is the standard on operations and training for technical search and rescue incidents. While we know that NFPA’s documents are guidelines, they represent many of the country’s expert opinions on how to do it correctly.​

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Relevant Tags: Rescue

Trench Rescue: Soil Types, Trench Wall Failures and More

This article is designed to provide the rescuer with an understanding of the forces associated with soil “failures” and factors directly related to soil destabilization and collapse. It is not all-inclusive of how to perform trench rescues; this can ONLY come from taking certified trench rescue coursework, such as in the Chapter 8 Trench Rescue Standard for Technical Rescue. Likewise, my intent is not to make soil scientists out of you, but rather to give you the basic components of geologic features you will deal with when performing trench rescues.

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Relevant Tags: Rescue

I Wish it Was Still September 12th

For those of us in the fire and emergency services, we just completed another somber and serious reminder of September 11, 2001. I call it my generation’s “Day of Infamy.” Just like President Roosevelt declared the day of the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 as a day of infamy, the surprise attack on the Twin Towers in New York, the Pentagon and the crash in Shanksville, PA; September 11 placed a deep and significant mark on us in emergency services. It was an unexpected attack of war and one that most of us will never forget.

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Relevant Tags: Barnyard Management

Reflections: ‘Wear Sunscreen’

In October 2019, it was my honor to celebrate 22 years in the fire service.  I started at Northview Fire Department in Lee County, North Carolina in October 1997.  I have been a member of four other departments in my career.

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Relevant Tags: Feature

We Are Still the Fire Department, right? RIGHT!

Our fire service has been around a while and for those that would suggest that not much has changed since our inception, this article will likely hurt your feelings. In 2018, the fire department I belong to responded to 9,131 calls for service. Like most departments, only 122 of those calls for service were structure fires. If you do the math, you will find that structure fires represented 1.3% of our total call volume. So, let’s look at the busiest fire department in the land.

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Relevant Tags: Feature

Does Firefighter = Alcoholism?

I’ve been in the fire service for the past 29 years. That is a lot of accumulated time and a lot has happened including a lot of funny memories, many sad 911 calls and more things that I am proud of than I can even count. So much of my life has been formed by this honorable service.

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Relevant Tags: Feature

Today’s Youth Are Making a Difference

With the steady decline of volunteer firefighters across the nation, I would like to take this opportunity to share a positive story of how high school fire academies can make a difference in communities across North Carolina. My hope is to explain why it is important to keep recruiting new firefighters as well as keeping high school training programs for new firefighters strong and active.

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Relevant Tags: Volunteer Rentention

Gear Up for Retirement

Throughout the day, firefighters and rescue workers are busy planning, responding to various calls for service and helping others in the community, with nearly 75 percent of North Carolina’s fire protection by land mass provided by volunteers. As a member of this group, you are a person who has chosen a life of service and are to be celebrated for the work you do. I know how hard it is to find the time or have the inclination to think about yourself and your future. Taking the time is an important step in making sure you, your family and loved ones are prepared for the future. I encourage you to take the time to gear up for retirement.

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Relevant Tags:

Social Media in Public Safety

Social media in public safety has become an interesting and ideal area of debate in the last few years. As technology changes and demand for instant results continue to improve our way of life, it also has an impact on the way we deal with social issues at any given time.

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Relevant Tags: Social Media

The 7 Qualities Fire Service Leaders Must Possess

(This is part one of a seven-part series on leadership.)

During this series we will be examining the seven qualities that are necessary for a leader to be successful in leading the organization and the team.  The first part will focus on Commitment.

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Relevant Tags: Leadership

Fear, Snake Oil and Bunker Gear

People tell me that the older I get, the more cynical I will become. To some degree I do believe this. However, instead of being cynical, I like to think of myself as a “realist.” I have spent a lot of time over the last few years on a journey of learning. This journey has been learning about cancer in the fire service and seeing what the realities are about this disease and its impact on our brothers and sisters. I have spent many hours talking to survivors, families, educators, chief officers, non-profits, medical professionals and more. The one thing I have taken away is that cancer does not care who it affects, and we have to act and not just talk.

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Relevant Tags: Feature

Not All Accreditation is Equal

The proposition of higher education can easily leave someone confused to the point they don’t know whether to scratch their watch or wind their butt. Dozens of programs to choose from, endless forms to complete, and an additional array of acronyms to grapple with (RDS, FAFSA, RISE, UGETC and so on). I hope that this series will help you get a better handle on some of the more confusing points of pursuing education after high school.

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Relevant Tags: Education

Rope Based Casualty Extraction — An Introduction

Agencies across the country are preparing for the next act of mass violence. Rescue Task Force (RTF), Tactical Emergency Casualty Care (TECC) and Tactical Fire Companies are quickly becoming common place. However, one area in the response to mass violence events that needs more training is technical casualty extraction. Technical casualty extraction entails the use of a low signature rope rescue kit to rapidly move casualties out of higher-threat areas.

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Relevant Tags: Mass Violence Response

DroneResponders

Public safety drones have and continue to save lives and enhance the operational safety and effectiveness of many public safety organizations in the United States. Globally, a recent DJI study documented over 260 incidents where drones have played a direct role in saving lives.

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Relevant Tags: Drones

Responding to Gas Leaks

In a previous article, we talked about the generic hazards of dealing with compressed gases found in DOT Hazard Class 2. There have been two high profile incidents in the last several months illustrating the dangers of dealing with flammable gases in particular. In April, a gas leak in a store in Durham resulted in the death of the owner and injuries to 17, including a firefighter. In July, a home in Charlotte was leveled by an explosion caused by a gas leak inside the home. This incident resulted in the death of the homeowner. In September, a gas leak in a non-profit office building in Farmington, Maine destroyed the building and resulted in the death of a fire captain and injuries to six other people.

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Relevant Tags: Hazmat

Intermodal Tank Containers: Often Forgotten but Ever Present

It is an undeniable fact that hazardous materials responders should possess a thorough knowledge of the containers that hazardous materials are transported in. When we focus our attention towards the realm of hazardous materials transportation, we often think about the “usual suspects” of railcar transportation and the MC/DOT specification series of highway transportation trailers and vessels. The one area of hazardous materials transportation containers that is usually overlooked is that of intermodal tank containers, as we usually do not encounter such containers on incident scenes or in training as often as other highway or rail transportation containers. Intermodals are by their very nature present in the transportation realm, but also are encountered at fixed facilities. If we as hazardous materials response professionals overlook intermodal containers, we are doing ourselves and the citizens we protect a huge disservice.

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Relevant Tags: Hazmat 2019

Delivering the BAD NEWS As a Public Information Officer

Today’s “news” is dynamic and real time. It can arrive in the form of a credentialed, bonified media representative, a bystander with an ax to grudge who owns a YouTube page, a simple member of the local homeowner’s association wanting to keep their members and residents informed, or a well-known member of your community who files regular freedom of information act requests with your agency. 

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Relevant Tags: Feature

It is OK to not be OK With Your PTSD

This article is the first in a series to outline an issue that is rapidly growing into an epidemic across our country. It is an issue that we ourselves can mitigate and most certainly eliminate given a desire and opportunity. I am talking about suicide in our first responder population and the Post Traumatic Stress that causes those actions.

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Relevant Tags: Behavioral Health

What Ike Taught Us About Leadership

There’s absolutely no shortage of books on leadership lining bookshelves in libraries and book stores and available online. Books by leaders in business and in government. Books by notable figures from academia and the entertainment industry, and from our field — the fire service. As a history buff, I’d rather enhance my understanding about leadership by reading biographies on famous historical figures, including military and political leaders who guided our nation through challenging times. If you look at my own bookshelf, you’ll see plenty of books on Dwight D. Eisenhower. While he was a great leader as our 34th President, I’ve always been interested in studying his leadership as commander of D-Day.

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Relevant Tags: Update from Capitol Hill

Planning the Station Site for Expansion

It is a safe bet that when most departments are building a new station they never consider the possibility that one day they will need to expand the facility. The thought seems to be, “If we’re spending this much on a new station, surely we’re building all we’ll ever need.”

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Relevant Tags: The Station House

An Outside Architect’s Observations on Design-Build

Where do you turn FIRST when your department needs a new facility or expansion of an existing station? There are obviously many factors that go into facility construction – from site selection and architectural design to permitting and construction. Getting your design done first may seem like the logical initial step, but there is actually a better approach that will save you time, money and headaches in the end.

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Relevant Tags: The Station House

Changes for the Modern-Day Fire House

Changes within the fire industry have always been present. The need and requirements for safety, strength and security have never been stronger than today. Along with that, the buildings we are constructing have come a long way with adapting to the changing needs of the fire department. Three of the major changes in the fire industry are; separation between gear and trucks, the size of the equipment needed, and the need to house full-time firemen in all city and rural areas.

Some of the first fire stations organized in North America date back to 1650. These members were only volunteers and were asked to roam the city looking for fires. Two hundred years ago larger cities like Cincinnati, Ohio and Jamestown, Virginia started to house government run departments in their cities to help protect their patrons. Today, nearly everyone has a cell phone and can call, text, or in some way notify the local department of a fire brewing. During those early years, fire trucks were small and nimble to maneuver the hectic streets.​

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Relevant Tags: The Station House

Raleigh Fire Department

North Carolina Station Profile

Raleigh Fire Department

Department Name: Raleigh Fire Department

County: Wake County

Type Department: Municipal (fully paid) Fire Department

ISO: Class 1

Number of Stations: 28​

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Relevant Tags: North Carolina Station Profile

Belton Fire Department

South Carolina Station Profile

Belton Fire Department

Department Name: Belton Fire Department

County: Anderson

Type Department: Combination Fire-Rescue Department

ISO: Currently we are an ISO Class 3 Department

Number of Stations: We operate out of one centralized station

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Relevant Tags: South Carolina Station Profile

Hurricane Season: Are You Aware and Prepared?

Download Crossword PDF

ACROSS

1  Avoid wading in flood water, which can contain dangerous _____; underground or downed power lines can also electrically charge the water.

3  A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 38 mph (33 knots) or less is called a tropical _____.

5  Become familiar with your evacuation _____, the evacuation route, and shelter locations

9  A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher is classified as a _____.

10  Hurricane storms are most active in the month of ____.

12  The Atlantic hurricane season spans from _____ 1 to November 30.

13  Generators should only be used _____ and away from windows.

16  An emergency preparedness _____ includes three days of food and water, medications, a flashlight, batteries, cash, and first aid supplies.

18  Emergency Alert System (abbr).

19  Gather needed supplies for at least _____ days; keeping in mind each person’s specific needs, including medications and pet’s needs.

20  Storm _____ is the abnormal rise of water generated by a storm’s winds and this hazard is historically the leading cause of hurricane-related deaths in the United States.

21  Just six inches of fast-moving water can knock you down, and one _____ of moving water can sweep your vehicle away

22  The roughly circular area of comparatively light winds that encompasses the center of a severe tropical cyclone.

23  Turn Around, Don’t _____! Do not walk, swim, or drive through flood waters.

27  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (abbr).

32  At the onset of approaching hurricanes persons are encouraged to always be ready to _____, and if told, do so immediately.

34  Six hours prior to landfall and during landfall, stay away from _____, flying glass could injure you.

36  Charge your _____ phone and other communication devices about six hours prior to the storm.

37  The Saffir-_____ Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane’s sustained wind speed.

38  A tropical _____ has maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 m.p.h. (34 to 63 knots).

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Relevant Tags: Crossword Puzzler

Tricks to Portion Control and Better Choices

When searching for healthy eating tips, the phrase “portion control” pops up time and again. Simply put, controlling your portions means sticking to a set amount (portion) of food in one sitting. The right amount depends on your calorie and nutrient needs. And, of course, what actually fills you up. Whether you’re trying to lose weight or just eat healthier, it’s important to have a good idea of what a healthy portion looks like.

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Relevant Tags: Firefighter FIT

Rowan-Cabarrus Fire and Emergency Services Program Receives National Recognition

Rowan-Cabarrus Community College’s Fire and Emergency Services program has received official Fire and Emergency Services Higher Education (FESHE) recognition from the United States Fire Administration.

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Relevant Tags: Industry News

Industry News

Mobile Fleet Lays Roots in Marion, South Carolina

Mobile Fleet, the public safety and automotive product authority for over 20 years, is expanding their wholesale distribution and manufacturing businesses in a 113,000 square foot building at 2215 Wise Chapel Court in Marion, SC.

Wholesale Public Safety, the company’s wholesale distribution arm, has an already large and growing network of dealers, up-fitters, and resellers throughout the United States to which it sells its wide catalog of public safety automotive products and accessories. The new warehouse & distribution center in Marion will expand company operations exponentially, allowing them to better serve their customers with an even larger product assortment, deeper inventory and stocking capacity, and better pricing on many of the items they buy every day.

Rockland Custom Products, Mobile Fleet’s manufacturing brand, has been crafting quality custom storage solutions, command centers, and accessories for the emergency service vehicles of many of the nation’s finest fire and police departments for more than a decade. The new Marion facility will catapult manufacturing abilities and operational efficiency for the company, so customers can expect to see new product lines and higher production from their experienced team over the years to come.

“The team at Mobile Fleet is extremely excited about our new South Carolina facility in Marion,” Robert E. Squicciarini Sr., the president and chief executive officer, said. “Locating this facility in South Carolina will make us much more competitive domestically and internationally, and we hope we will show other companies looking to expand or relocate what great places South Carolina and Marion County are for business.”

Mobile Fleet expects that the new facility will be open and fully operational sometime in the late fall months. For more information, check out the company’s website, www.mobilefleet.com as well as their Facebook and Instagram pages for Rockland Custom Products and Wholesale Public Safety.

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Relevant Tags: Industry News

Bostic Volunteer Fire Department

Bostic Volunteer Fire Department

2020 Marion Body Works Custom Top Mount Pumper/Tanker w/aluminum body, Kenworth chassis, Paccar PX-9 380 HP engine, 1250 GPM Hale QFlo Plus pump, 1500 gal. poly tank.

Provided By Anchor-Richey EVS, Inc.

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Mebane Fire Department

Mebane Fire Department

2019 F350 Ford QRV Bruch Truck w/gas engine, 135 GPM @50 PSI Hale HPX75-B18 pump, 225 gal. UPF poly tank, front deluge system, remote start, custom side compartments.

Provided By Anchor-Richey EVS, Inc.

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La Grange Fire Department

La Grange Fire Department

2020 Midwest All-Poly Series 1800 Tanker-Pumper w/Freightliner chassis, Cummins L9 engine, 1000 GPM Darley LSP PTO pump, 1800 gal. polypropylene tank, special length (25’ 4”).

Provided By Midwest Fire Equipment

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New River Volunteer Fire & Rescue

New River Volunteer Fire & Rescue

2020 Midwest Fire All-Poly Series 3000 Tanker-Pumper w/Freightliner chassis, Cummins L9 350EV HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous CSU 1500 Split Shaft Pump, 3000 gal. polypropylene tank.

Provided By Midwest Fire Equipment

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Stewart Simmons VFD

Stewart Simmons VFD

2020 Midewest Fire All-Poly 2000 Gallon Tanker-Pumper w/Freightliner chassis, Cummins L9 350EV HP engine, 500 GPM Hale AP50 PTO Side Kick pump, 2000 gal. polypropylene tank.

Provided By Midwest Fire Equipment

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Winchester Fire and Rescue Department

Winchester Fire and Rescue Department

Pierce Enforcer Aerial, HD 105’ Ladder, DDC DD13, 505 HP, 1750 lb-ft engine, 72,000 lb. GVWR, side roll and frontal impact protection, 18” stablizer pentration, HiViz lighting.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Greensboro Fire Department

Greensboro Fire Department

Pierce Arrow XT Pumper w/Cummins ISX12, 450 HP engine, 47,000 lb. GVWR, 22” extended front bumper, single stage Hale pump, aluminum “New York Style” hose bed.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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County of Rockingham, Bridgewater FD

County of Rockingham, Bridgewater FD

Pierce Enforcer Pumper w/DDC DD13 505 HP 1750 lb-ft engine, 47,000 lb. GVWR, 750 gal. tank, Akron 8000 series valves, aluminum hose bed.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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High Point Fire Department

High Point Fire Department

Pierce Arrow XT Tiller w/Cummins X15, 565 HP, 1850 lb-ft engine,73,300 lb. GVWR, 16” extended bumper, Akron 3480 StreamMaster II Electric w/extended vertical travel nozzle.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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City of Monroe Fire Department

City of Monroe Fire Department

Pierce Enforcer Pumper w/Cummins L9 450 HP, 1250 lb-ft engine, 47,000 lb. GVWR, 750 gallon tank, FoamPro 1600 single agent with 30 gallon tank.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Louisburg Fire Department

Louisburg Fire Department

Pierce Enforcer Pumper w/Cummins L9, 450 HP engine, 47,000 lb. GVWR, 22” extended front bumper, Hale DSD 1250 GPM pump, HiViz lighting.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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About the Carolina Fire Rescue EMS Journal

Welcome to the Carolina Fire Rescue EMS Journal! We want to provide you with timely online information and breaking news that best equips you to meet today’s emergency challenges. Among our firefighting articles, you will find the latest in firefighter technology, firefighter training, leadership development and the newest products and services presented in an “Act Now” user friendly format.  We want to be your best online source for the fire and rescue information, resources and reviews you need.
 
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