CFJ Vol. 32.3 (Winter 2018)

NC fire chief was on his way to accept an award. He died in a fiery crash on I-40.

Read more at the Charlotte Observer local news article. Read More »

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National Stop The Bleed Day

Accidents and trauma are the 4th leading cause of death in the United States. 
 
The top cause of preventable death in trauma is bleeding. 20% of people who have died from traumatic injuries could have survived with rapid control of bleeding.
National Stop The Bleed Day brings Bleeding Control (B-CON) Instructors and students together for a day of training. Free of charge.

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Relevant Tags: HAZMAT 2018: SIXTY ONE DELTA ONE

Technology is nothing...

Technology. Some futurists say that the next human evolution will be humans and technology merging together. When you think about it maybe we are already headed in that direction. How lost are you if your cell phone is not within reach or your forgot to put on your Fitbit?

What Steve Jobs says is very fitting for the fire service today. It's not the technology, it is the people. In this issue Bill Suthard talks about a "Christmas Miracle." It all started with a weed and a traffice cone.

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Relevant Tags: From the Editor

There’s No Place Like Foam

When it comes to hazardous materials, the one class that you will come in contact with more than any other is DOT Hazard Class 3, Flammable Liquids. Flammable liquids include materials such as gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and a host of others. All of the flammable liquids will burn. 

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Relevant Tags: HAZMAT

The Active Shooter Threat:

The threat of active shooters and active assailants continues. In the time between the publication of the last article in this series and this article, the United States experienced the deadliest mass shooting attack in modern history. At the Route 91 shooting in Las Vegas on October 1, 2017, more than 500 people were shot, and more than 600 people were injured. The incomprehensible magnitude of the event demonstrates that the ferocity and lethality of these events is increasing. The shootings at First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, Texas on Nov. 5, 2017, demonstrates that these events can occur in any jurisdiction, no matter how small and isolated the community.

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Relevant Tags: ACTIVE SHOOTER - ACTIVE ASSAILANT

Social Media Outreach Becomes Christmas Miracle

Social Media has a negative connotation for some. I’m sure you’ve seen and heard nightmare stories about how it has ruined reputations, careers, business, etc. I agree; it can absolutely have a negative impact on your reputation and your brand IF it’s not managed appropriately. There is even a term out there coined by a former reporter, turned public safety blogger and media expert, Dave Statter. He calls it “Social Media Assisted Career Suicide Syndrome” or SMCASS for short, and there are plenty of examples out there to support this term and syndrome.

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Engaging Future Leaders

One aspect of my job that I enjoy most is traveling to fire service events and having the opportunity to address audiences who are interested in learning about the work being performed by the Congressional Fire Services Institute (CFSI) and the other national organizations on Capitol Hill. It doesn’t matter to me if I have two people in the audience or 200. I always look forward to sharing with them CFSI’s efforts to advocate for federal programs and legislation that address the needs and challenges of our one million firefighters and emergency services personnel.

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Relevant Tags: Update from Capitol Hill

The Building Blocks of a Winning Team

As America’s fire service witnesses the retirements of the baby boomers, it is critical that leadership continues to build solid winning teams. It is important that we drill into the heart of what it takes to create a winning team in an evolving fire service. The foundation of the future modern fire service will be based on the creation and communication of a vision and setting goals that focus on the many new talents of the younger members of this great profession and utilizing their diverse knowledge, skills and abilities.

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Luck of the Irish

Last issue I shared with you a sad story about a small volunteer fire department in a small town. Let us all hope that tale of woe never happens to any of you.

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

Fire Station Construction Should Be a Team Sport

Like fighting a fire, to deliver a successful construction project takes the work of many people to achieve your goal. I’m not a fireman and have never been on a fire call, but I assume that fighting a fire is better with a team, especially a team that has trained and worked on many calls together. Construction operates the same way, and it is better when approached as a team sport.

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

Built to Suit and Built to Last

Everyone wants to know, “what’s the best way to build it” and in so many cases, the best way is hinged on so many aspects that dig deeper than “best.” Recently, while working on a project that had a strict completion deadline, the “best” construction practice couldn’t be utilized because of the simple fact, the owner didn’t have time to wait for the “best,” and settled for the next category, which was “best all-around.” This ideology took into consideration price, constructability, quality products and timeline. For design-build general contractors the aspect of best all-around is easier to discuss than the best product. Having direct connection to the products on a daily basis makes the biggest difference. Working with and seeing the products being used and how they affect the jobsite, positively and negatively, along with being able to see the cost differential between two or three different methods of construction or products is the advantage of a design-build general contractor. This provides a knowledgeable and experienced opinion towards the best all-around product or method to use. 

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

Fire Prevention

Fire Prevention Week has been around so long nearly every living American likely has heard one of its fire safety messages. For the past 92 years, during the first week of October, the President of the United States encourages everyone to emphasize fire safety in their lives. Several jurisdictions stretch out the nation’s longest-running public health observance for a month.

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Relevant Tags: From South Carolina State Fire Marshall Office

Heavy Vehicle Bus Stabilization

First and foremost, I would like to wish everyone and your families a very Merry Christmas from myself and the entire Reds Team. I hope you had a great Christmas and New Year’s and looking forward to an awesome year to come. Along with the holidays comes drinking, driving and wrecks. 

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Relevant Tags: EXTRICATION EDUCATION

Determining Required Fire Flow

(This is part two of a two-part series.)

Last issue, retired Phoenix Fire Chief Alan Brunacini’s characterization of fundamental fire attack opened the discussion of “fire flow” — the amount of water volume and pressure needed to control and extinguish a fire.

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Minimizing Cancer Risk Through Station Design

(This is part two of a two part series.)

Over the past couple of decades, a silent killer is growing exponentially in the fire-fighting profession. Cancer. The number of firefighting friends that have been impacted by cancer has greatly increased over the past 20 years. 

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Relevant Tags: Cancer Risks for Firefighters

Engine Company Operations — Fireground Flow

In the last two editions of the CFRJ we discussed the importance of the first and second hoselines. A critical element for success of these hoselines is the hose and nozzle combination.  The hose and nozzle combination in many instances are misunderstood. Fireground flow is simple: overwhelm the fire with water. A lot of firefighters, both volunteer and career, seem to overlook the capabilities of their department when it comes to what their hose and nozzle package will flow on the fireground. What is the target flow for your department? Is that flow being achieved on the fireground? Can the staffing level adequately manage the hose with the desired flow? It is imperative that all fire departments flow test their hose and nozzle packages to ensure the desired flow is being reached on the fireground. 

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EMS Can Be a Part of the Naloxone Solution

The State of North Carolina received a grant for naloxone and has been distributing thousands of kits to EMS agencies throughout North Carolina. As a result of this distribution there has been a request from some of these agencies for a policy on how to handle patients who have their overdose reversed, but refuse transport. I know my recent columns have addressed the opioid epidemic and needle exchange issues, but this is an extremely important issue given that more people are now dying from overdose than car collisions. Children are also suffering from this opioid epidemic. Since 2004, North Carolina has seen an 893 percent increase in children born exposed to narcotics during pregnancy and a 25 percent increase in children going into foster care. Heart valve infections related to IV drug abuse have increased 13.5 times and sepsis has increased by a factor of four. EMS can be part of the solution to this out of control problem which is decimating our communities.

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Relevant Tags: NEWS FROM THE NC OEMS MEDICAL DIRECTOR

What is a System of Care and Why Are They Important?

This article marks one year of providing information from the Bureau to the Carolinas and as this edition goes to press we are gearing up for another amazing South Carolina EMS Symposium in March at the wonderful Kingston Plantation in Myrtle Beach. There are a large number of renowned speakers covering a plethora of topics attending this year’s symposium. On top of hundreds of hours of continuing education, the annual paramedic competition will be held and annual awards will be presented on Saturday night at the annual closing dinner. If you don’t go, you’re truly missing out! Nearly the entire Bureau of EMS will be onsite the entire week attending meetings, providing training, and staffing our booth in the PACKED exhibit hall. We hope to see you there. Come up and introduce yourself, tell us where you’re from, and how we can make things better for you and for EMS in South Carolina; we will listen!

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Relevant Tags: NEWS FROM THE SC BUREAU OF EMS

Smyrna Fire Department

Department Name: Smyrna Fire Department

County: York County, SC

Type Department: All Volunteer

ISO: Class 4

Number of Stations: 2

Number of Apparatus: 7         Pumpers: 2  Aerials: 0  Specialty: 5

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Relevant Tags: FIRE STATION PROFILE - South Carolina

Williamston Fire/Rescue/EMS

Department Name: Williamston Fire/Rescue/EMS

County: Martin

Type Department: Combination

Structure: Municipal Tax District

ISO: Class 4 (Town District)/Class 5 (County District)

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Relevant Tags: FIRE STATION PROFILE - North Carolina

Are We In The Transport Business?

Recently I attended a paramedic class updating us on new protocols at the state and local level. The instructor, following what they were told, made the comment that the medical director said that “we are in the transport business.” The purpose of this statement was that we transport patients and should look at refusals as a last resort option.

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‘Old School’ Rescue Techniques Still Work Today

Rescue training has changed greatly in the last 40 years, what with the advent of newer rescue equipment and the skills required to apply and utilize that equipment effectively and safely. There are more varieties and types of equipment to perform various rescues than ever before. The “general rescuer,” and even the rescue specialist, have more tools available now than ever. 

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Relevant Tags: RESCUE A-Z

The Forgottten Ones

Over six years ago Firefighter Behavioral Health Alliance (FBHA) began tracking and validating the sad events of our brothers and sisters taking their lives. The data we collected shows no discrimination. Whether they were EMS, firefighter, age, rank, gender, volunteer, career, city, suburban or rural, it didn’t matter based on me personally speaking to over 1,000 fire or EMS chiefs.

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Relevant Tags: BEHAVIORAL HEALTH

The Importance of Spousal Support and Understanding

Through my time of using alcohol as a coping tool to get through my PTSD, when I didn’t have an understanding of mental health, my wife, parents, children, God and a few close friends is what got me through the hell, and the hell I was putting them through.  At the time, my wife and I were just dating and I believe that God sent her to me just when I needed her the most. She is one who doesn’t sugar coat things or beat around the bush. She tells it as it is. At the same time, she is compassionate and understanding —  however will not enable. Both of us grew up in the emergency services, with her finding a career in nursing. Having a spouse who doesn’t enable is so important. I am sure those that enable feel as though they are helping their loved one cope with the devastation they have experienced, however it is causing more damage along the way.

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Relevant Tags: BEHAVIORAL HEALTH

The Not So Obvious Benefits of Being Fit

You all know that the obvious benefits of increased physical activity are:

  • Improves work capacity
  • Increases strength
  • Decreases injury rates
  • Improves heat tolerance
  • Positive impact on CVD risk factors
  • Decreases blood pressure
  • Increases HDL (good cholesterol)
  • Improves glucose tolerance
  • Loss of fat weight
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Relevant Tags: FIREFIGHTER FITNESS

Industry News

Interested in expanding your skills and knowledge?

The SOARescue Tactical Medical Practitioner Course is designed for the advanced provider who is interested in expanding their clinical knowledge and capability. There are several upcoming TMP courses.

The flagship TMP course is approved through the International Board of Specialty Certification and Board for Critical Care Transport Paramedic Certification as a preparation and refresher course for TP-C and FP-C.

Date: 22-26 Jan 2018

Location: Charlotte, NC

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Relevant Tags: Industry News

Benhaven Volunteer Fire Dept.

Benhaven Volunteer Fire Dept.

2016 Rosenbauer Commander Custom Side Mount Pumper w/Cummins ISL engine, 1500 GPM Hale pump, 1000 gal. UPF tank, multiplex elecrical system with dual displays.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Butner Public Safety

Butner Public Safety

Rosenbauer FX Commercial Side Mount Pumper w/Freightliner 114D chassis, 400 HP Cummins ISL Engine, 1500 GPM Rosenbauer “N” Series pump, 750 gal. UPF tank, wireless FireCom intercom.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Clinch Mountain Volunteer Fire Dept.

Clinch Mountain Volunteer Fire Dept.

Rosenbauer FX Side Mount Rescue Pumper w/Freightliner M2 106 plus Rosenbauer Smart Cab, Cummins ISL 350 engine, 750 GPM Waterous pump, 500/20 gal. UPF tank, enclosed pump panel.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Drewry Volunteer Fire Department

Drewry Volunteer Fire Department

Rosenbauer FX Custom Side Mount Pumper w/Rosenbauer Commander 4000 chassis, 450 HP Cummins ISL9 engine, 1500 GPM Waterous pump, 1000 gal. UPF tank, front airbags.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Mars Hill Fire Department

Mars Hill Fire Department

Rosenbauer Top Mount Commercial Pumper/Tanker with Freightliner M2 112 two door chassis, 540 HP Cummins ISL engine, 1500 GPM Hale pump, 1000 water/25 foam UPF tank.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Ranger Fire Department

Ranger Fire Department

2018 Rosenbauer Commercial Tanker w/Kenworth T440 chassis, PX-9EV 450 HP engine, 750 GPM Hale Q-Flo pump, 2000 gal. UPF tank, 6 Whelen M9 LED surface mounted scene lights.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Second District VFD

Second District VFD

2017 Rosenbauer Commercial Top Mount Pumper w/Freightliner M2 106 chassis, 350 HP Cummins ISL engine, 1500 GPM Hale DSD pump, 1000 gal. UPF tank, 2 overpump preconnected crosslays.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Supply Fire Department

Supply Fire Department

Rosenbauer FX Commercial Top Mount Pumper w/Cummins ISL9 45 HP engine, Rosenbauer Commander 4000 chassis, 1500 GPM Hale pump, 1500/20 UPF tank, Foam Pro 1600, EZ climb ladder.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Town of Tabor City Fire Dept.

Town of Tabor City Fire Dept.

2017 Rosenbauer Commercial Tanker w/Freightliner chassis, 400 HP Cummins ISL engine, 750 GPM Hale DSD pump, 3000 gal. UPF tank, ZICO Quick-Lift hydraulic portable tank mountain system.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Town of Tabor City Fire Dept.

Town of Tabor City Fire Dept.

2017 Rosenbauer Commercial Tanker w/Freightliner chassis, 400 HP Cummins ISL engine, 750 GPM Hale DSD pump, 3000 gal. UPF tank, 2 Fire Research Evolution LED telescoping scene lights.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Damascus Volunteer Fire Dept

Damascus Volunteer Fire Dept

2017 Rosenbauer Commercial Tanker w/Cummins 300 HP engine, Freightliner chassis, 500 GPM Darley pump, 2000 gal. UPF tank, 6 Whelen LED scene lights, LED lighting package.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Pine Terrace Volunteer Fire Dept.

Pine Terrace Volunteer Fire Dept.

2017 Rosenbauer Commercial Top Mount Pumper w/Freightliner chassis, Cummins 330 HP engine, 1500 GPM Hale pump, 1000 gal. UPF tank, Elkhart built-in foam eductor system.

Provided By C.W. Williams & Co.

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Bahama Fire Department

Bahama Fire Department

2017 Anchor-Richey EVS Flatbed Brush Truck w/Dodge chassis, 6.7 liter Cummins diesel engine, 300 GPM Hale pump, 300 gal. poly tank, 12 volt LED extendable scene lights, custom tool mounting.

Provided By Anchor-Richey EVS

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Boydton Volunteer Fire Dept.

Boydton Volunteer Fire Dept.

2017 Anchor-Richey EVS Flatbed Brush Truck w/Ford chassis, 6.4 liter gasoline engine, 245 GPM Hale HPXB-200 pump, 225 gal. poly tank, dry reel for storage of forestry hose.

Provided By Anchor-Richey EVS

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East Howesville Volunteer Fire Dept.

East Howesville Volunteer Fire Dept.

2017 Ferrara Cinder Chassis HD77 w/450 hp Cummins engine, 1750 GP Hale QMax pump, Q2b, front discharge, full complement ground ladders, 6 man cab.

Provided By C&C Fire Apparatus of NC

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Bristol Fire Department

Bristol Fire Department

2017 Spartan/Smeal 75’ Quint Aerial w/Spartan Metro Star chassis, Cummins engine, 2000 GPM Waterous pump, 500 gal. UPF tank, Smeal GS-36 hot dip galvanized substructure.

Provided By Atlantic Coast Fire Trucks

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Gastonia Fire Dept.

Gastonia Fire Dept.

2017 Smeal 75’ Aerial Ladder w/Spartan Gladiator EMFD chassis, Cummins engine, 2000 GPM Waterous pump, 500 gal. UPF tank, rear aerial access, Smeal positional waterway.

Provided By Atlantic Coast Fire Trucks

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Lincolnton Fire Dept.

Lincolnton Fire Dept.

2017 Smeal Custom Mid-Ship Pumper/Engine w/Spartan Metro-Star EMFD chassis, Cummins engine, 2000 GPM Waterous pump, 1000 gal. UPF tank, custom low hose bed design.

Provided By Atlantic Coast Fire Trucks

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Blacksburg Fire Department

Blacksburg Fire Department

Pierce Dash CF PUC Pumper w/Detroit Diesel DD13 - 470 HP engine, 1500 GPM Pierce PUC pump, 750 gal. UPF poly tank, 11” raised roof, TAK-4 IFS, Harrison 6kW hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Charlottesville Fire Department

Charlottesville Fire Department

Pierce Velocity Tiller w/Detroit Diesel DD13 - 525 HP engine, Pierce chassis, Oshkosh TAK-4 IFS, Blue LED aerial rung lighting, Tip loads, 500 dry/250 water, TFT Typhoon electric monitor.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Chesapeake Fire Department

Chesapeake Fire Department

Pierce Velocity Pumper w/Detroit Diesel DD13 - 525 HP engine, Pierce chassis, 2000 GPM Waterous S100 pump, 500 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, Husky 60 foam system.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Cleveland Fire & Rescue

Cleveland Fire & Rescue

Pierce Velocity 100’ Aerial Platform w/Cummins ISX 600 HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous CSU pump, 300 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, TAK-4 IFS, 35 MPH wind rating/400 lb. tip load.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Fairfax Volunteer Fire Dept.

Fairfax Volunteer Fire Dept.

Pierce Velocity Pumper w/Detroit Diesel DD13 - 525 HP engine, 2000 GPM Hale QMax 200 pump, 700 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, TAK-4 IFS, Husky 30 foam system, Pierce chassis.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Fayetteville Fire Department

Fayetteville Fire Department

Pierce Impel PUC 107’ Ascendant Aerial Ladder w/Cummins L9 450 HP engine, 1600 GPM Pierce PUC pump, 500 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, red/white/blue LED aerial rung lighting.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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County of Henrico

County of Henrico

Three (3) Pierce Enforcer Pumpers w/Pierce chassis, Detroit Diesel DD13 - 505 HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous CSU pump, 750 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, TAK-4 IFS.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Orange Volunteer Fire Company

Orange Volunteer Fire Company

Pierce Velocity PUC Pumper-Tanker w/Detroit Diesel DD13-525 HP engine, 1500 GPM Pierce PUC pump, 2000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, Harrison 3.6kW hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Pinehurst Fire Department

Pinehurst Fire Department

Pierce Enforcer Pumper w/Cummins L9 450 HP engine, 500 GPM Waterous CSU pump, 1000 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, Husky 3 foam system, Harrison 3.6kW hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Richmond Fire Department

Richmond Fire Department

Pierce Enforcer Pumper w/Cummins L9-450 HP engine, 1500 GPM Hale QMax 150 pump, 500 gal. UPF poly tank, Onspot automatic tire chains, side roll & frontal impact protection.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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County of Roanoke

County of Roanoke

Pierce Arrow XT Pumper w/Detroit Diesel DD13 470 HP engine, 1500 GPM Waterous CSU pump, 750 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, Husky 12 foam system, Harrison 6kW hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Wilson Fire-Rescue Dept.

Wilson Fire-Rescue Dept.

Pierce Enforcer Pumper w/Cummins L9 - 450 HP engine, 1250 GPM Hale QMax 125 pump, 500 gal. UPF poly tank, 10” raised roof, TAK-4 IFS, Harrison 3.6kW hydraulic generator.

Provided By Atlantic Emergency Solutions

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Welcome to the Carolina Fire Rescue EMS Journal! We want to provide you with timely online information and breaking news that best equips you to meet today’s emergency challenges. Among our firefighting articles, you will find the latest in firefighter technology, firefighter training, leadership development and the newest products and services presented in an “Act Now” user friendly format.  We want to be your best online source for the fire and rescue information, resources and reviews you need.
 
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