CFJ Vol. 30.3 (Winter 2016)

It’s Our Honor and Creed

Knight Communications has for over 30 years served and met the needs of some of our most distinguished Americans — first responders, educatorsand our national military.

We are proud to serve them all. Through our exclusive media platforms we have provided carefully appointed resources for America’s best — heroes all.

Maybe our mission statement below says it best and we mean it!

RB Knight
Publisher

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Relevant Tags: From the Editor in Chief

The ’12 Series Highway Tank Trailers: A Possibly Corrosive Situation

This discussion is a continuance of the series pertaining to highway transportation tank trailers, in which we have previously covered the ’06 series non-pressure tank trailers and ’07 series low-pressure tank trailers.

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Relevant Tags: SIXTY ONE DELTA ONE

Register Now for the NVFC Training Summit

 

Scholarships available for two-day classroom training event

Registration and course selection is now open for the National Volunteer Fire Council’s (NVFC) Training Summit. The Summit will take place Friday, June 3, from 8am-5pm and Saturday, June 4, from 7:30am-noon in Grapevine, TX. The conference is open to all volunteer firefighters, EMTs, department leadership, and other fire department personnel from across the United States. Find out more and register now at www.nvfc.org/summit

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Relevant Tags: Carolina Fire Journal Articles

Railroad Incident Response: Rolling Stock and Locomotives

In our last article we examined the all hazards approach to a railroad incident. In this issue, we’ll take a closer look at some of the rolling stock and locomotives that we may come across in our responses to rail incidents.

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Relevant Tags: HAZMAT

Tis’ the Season – for CO calls

This article is likely being read after the first of the year, but it is being written as we crank up for the Christmas holidays. Tis’ the season for Santa Claus, eggnog, and Carbon Monoxide (CO) calls. Unfortunately, the potential for CO calls does not end with Santa’s return to the North Pole.

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Relevant Tags: HAZMAT

Differences in Practices Between Rural and Urban First Responders:

(Funding Supported by Magellan Scholar Program University of South Carolina: 11200-15-37930)

During this past summer, I had the pleasure of attending the South Carolina Fire Rescue Conference in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina as part of ongoing research with the University of South Carolina’s College of Nursing. At the conference I administered a survey, which gathered information to better understand the procedures used by rural and urban first responders during Irritant Gas Syndrome Agent (IGSA) incidents.

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Relevant Tags: HAZMAT

Preparing for the (Fire) Storm

I have spent the past couple of decades working in some form of public safety and now my career takes me more and more into the realm of emergency management. One thing that I have learned is that the fire service has gotten pretty good at preparing for “known” events or threats. Each year in South Carolina — and in many other states, I’m sure — emergency managers have a statewide hurricane exercise. There is a statewide earthquake drill, a wildfire seminar and a winter storm seminar. It seems like for every season we take time to prepare for what may lay ahead.

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Prevention or Suppression: Where Do You Stand?

During my tenure in the fire service, I have worked for a number of fire departments that ran a fair amount of calls throughout the year. While working for these departments, the crews trained, prepared equipment, kept the fleet in top notch condition, and kept themselves in a ready-state at all times for fire runs. The time spent doing these activities definitely kept us busy throughout the day and made the shifts pass by quicker. From time to time, the shift working that particular day might go out in the community and do some fire and life-safety education, whether it be at a local school or at a community function. For the most part, this activity made up a very small part of the shift.

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Using Drones in the Rescue Service

All things in rescue evolve and change. Materials used in construction of rescue tools improve, technologies change, as do the applications of technologies to effect rescues. It is inevitable and it is a given: things change. However, physics is physics, since the beginning of time, and physics can be relied upon to function every time — assuming things are rigged correctly.

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Relevant Tags: RESCUE A-Z

Struts and Lights

We are rolling into a new year and new technology will be coming out in the equipment we buy and use. I will be hitting about six to right shows this year and have a chance to see some of these new things coming out that will help us in the rescue end of things. I can’t help on the fire end too much, as that is just not my forte. With tight budgets and time for training, we are always looking for equipment that will get the job done in an easy and safe manner. Be sure and shop around and don’t always just go with the old adage; we have used this for years, or the department next to us has had one for years, without looking at what else is out there.

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Relevant Tags: TOOLS OF THE TRADE

The Upside to Being an Early Morning Riser

This article is going to be met with loud boos and “are you nuts” exclamations.  Stick with me folks. What I am about to tell you has changed my life forever.

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Summerville Fire and Rescue

Department Name: Summerville Fire and Rescue

County: Dorchester County

Type Department: Combination

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Relevant Tags: FIRE STATION PROFILE

Making Stone Soup

In several European countries there is an old tale of Stone Soup. It has many variations in various countries. I am most familiar with the French version. The main part of the folk story centers around three soldiers who are on their way back home from the Napoleonic wars. They are hungry and tired and just cannot seem to find any food. They get real creative after they find a big cooking pot.

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Relevant Tags: BARNYARD MANAGEMENT

The Value in Leadership

At some point in your career, you will be called upon to lead. Or you may be presently serving in a leadership role. Regardless of your present position, if you are taking the time to read this article, I know that you are committing yourself to being an effective leader within your organization. Lifelong learning is an important component of leadership. There is great value in your commitment to learning. This value translates to effective leadership as well as substantial personal growth. Let us examine how value plays an integral role in the leadership journey.

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Recruitment and Retention:

Volunteers and employees are without a doubt the most priceless resource we have in emergency services. When they perform to the highest standards they portray our agency as outstanding and above excellence. When they become frustrated, annoyed, or lack in skills they can cause the rest of the agency to seem as if we are incapable of performing to any level. Every agency is, or should be, devoting effort to being the best that they can be so we can provide the utmost service.

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

We the Fire Service

We the fire service have a debt of gratitude. One generation shall praise your works to another, and shall declare greatness of your mighty acts, learning from failures and mistakes.

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Heavy Vehicle Rescue

As I sit and write this article, the holidays are upon us. Christmas is only a few weeks away and then we will move into another year. However, when you read this, the holidays will be over. Sometimes I wonder where time goes. With this time of year more people are on the roads and highways traveling to visit family and friends. With more traveling comes more motor vehicle crashes. The fact is that drinking while driving, along with texting and driving, will play a major role in these crashes. We as rescuers should take it upon ourselves to try and educate young and old about the hazards and consequences of doing this. If we can prevent just one crash or fatality, we have achieved a great thing. Also keep in mind that this time of year is for family and friends. We spend a lot of our time training and looking after others, so we need to set aside family and friend time as well. As we get older we have time to ponder the past, and how it effects the present and future. I have come to realize that we are put here for others, not ourselves. If everyone realized this and worked accordingly, the world would be a better place.

We have covered a lot of ground in past issues on heavy vehicle rescue, and I have some really good pictures for you to look at from several classes I was just involved in. We know that we have multiple challenges when working with heavy vehicles that include dealing with the weights and sizes of the vehicles themselves. The fact is, over 85 percent of all injury and fatal crashes involve passenger vehicles. So in most cases, we have to stabilize and lift the truck off of the smaller vehicle to perform an extraction.

There will be occasions that the truck driver will have to be extricated from his or her vehicle. We talked about removing doors and having to work at elevated levels. You may have to work from ladders or if possible use a rollback.

During the class we ran for Climax Fire, they had the chance to work off ladders as well as a rollback. They also were able to use the hydraulic cutters to work on removing the doors and roof. We had the golden opportunity to be able to cut up a new 2013 Volvo tractor with sleeper that was graciously donated by Volvo. This allowed for real life practice of cutting on a newer vehicle. The framing included high alloy boron and the truck also had a frontal airbag. Volvo is the only tractor at this time that offers that. When it comes to accessing folks in large vehicles, I prefer the reciprocating saw and an air chisel over hydraulics any day. We proved this to be true during this training. The first door was removed and then the second door utilizing the reciprocal saw.

When it comes to trying to enter the sleeper cab from the outside, the reciprocal alone doesn’t work as well. With the assistance of the air chisel, however, it then is successful. When using a reciprocating saw to cut, you must be able to keep the blade guard up tight to the vehicle or material you are cutting to start with. If not, you will quickly bend or break even a good quality blade. I see a lot of folks make this mistake and then find fault with the blade and not their technique. The other thing to watch out for is; if you are cutting through several layers of material and there is space between them, you again can quickly bend or break a blade. The option is to skin the outer shell with the air chisel and then go in and cut the framing with the reciprocating saw. This allows you to see exactly what you are cutting and puts you in better control of your cut. Remember if you are cutting plastic, it can gum up your blade and reduce its cutting capability. The reciprocating saw can be a great tool to have if used correctly.

A corded saw may work best, but there are some really good cordless saws that can be used as well. Also, make sure you use top notch blades and not cheap hardware blades. Bosch makes one of the best demolition blades I have come across yet, and is what we used in this class. Make sure you use a panel cutter chisel bit for skinning the outer shell. Even a standard air chisel will work fine to do this. You can invest in a high dollar rescue air chisel, but the chisels from your local Home Depot, Lowes, and Northern tool will work just fine. Do remember to have a good air supply since they can use a lot of air, real quick.

Once the doors were removed, the class had the chore of removing the roof. In this case, they enlisted the help of a large wrecker to support and remove the roof once it was cut. Again, while working at heights, you have to be careful about how you cut and remove things. The roof was also removed easily with the reciprocating saw. When working at heights, the lighter the tools the better, and the saw is pretty light and easy to handle.

We will look at how to use large wreckers in heavy vehicle rescue next time around and have some good pictures from a class up in Virginia I was able to assist with. When you read this, the holidays will be over, but I would like to wish everyone a Merry Christmas and hope the New Year brings great joy and satisfaction for you and your family. Until next time, stay safe and train hard.

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Relevant Tags: EXTRICATION EDUCATION

Oak Ridge Fire and Rescue Company

Department Name: Oak Ridge Fire and Rescue Company

County: Guilford

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Relevant Tags: FIRE STATION PROFILE

Mutual Aid for Your Public Information Officer

Mutual Aid can be defined, simply, as reciprocal aid and cooperation among organizations and agencies. In the world of Public Safety, mutual aid agreements are absolutely vital. The same can be said with the Public Information Officer (PIO) relationship. Do YOU provide “Mutual Aid” to your fellow PIO professionals?

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Prehospital Guidelines for External Hemorrhage

Clinical Care related to current events: I thought that with the current tragic events involving active assailants that it would be a good moment to review the Evidenced-based Prehospital Guidelines for external hemorrhage that were published in 2014 by the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma.  These guidelines can be found in the April/June 2014 issue of Prehospital Emergency Care (vol 18, # 24). The recommendations address the use of tourniquets and topical hemostatic agents. The first recommendation involved the use of tourniquets.

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Relevant Tags: NEWS FROM THE NC OEMS MEDICAL DIRECTOR

What Are You Going to Do With That Old Ambulance?

It has come time to retire the oldest member of your fleet, and the decision has been made that rather than remounting the module, a total replacement vehicle will be ordered — the subject of remounting will be a future article. Have you given consideration as to what is the best course of disposal for this ambulance? Sure, we’d all like to get “as much as we can get for it” to offset the cost of the new vehicle, but perhaps it is time that more consideration be given to exactly what is done with retired ambulances in the United States. 

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Relevant Tags: EMS 2016

TEMS: Tactical Emergency Medical Specialist

Birth of TEMS

Battlefield medicine got its origin from the Spanish in the Siege of Malaga. The injured troops were carried off of the battlefield in wagons, although they were not picked up until the end of the battle. During the Civil War, surgeons attached to the Union army understood the need to bring the hospital to the war, and set up aid stations at the regimental level. This helped speed up the triage and treatment of injured soldiers, resulting in a decrease in casualties.

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Relevant Tags: ACTIVE SHOOTER

Resolutions

As a new year begins, I think now is the perfect time to reflect on where we have been this past year and where we are going. We saw the return of jihadi terrorism at a level we have not seen since Sept. 11. We saw a domestic terror incident at one of our most hallowed and historic venues in South Carolina. The question is: are we ready?

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Critical Incident Stress Management

Psychological First Aid (PFA) is a term that was first used by the military during World War II when historian S.L.A. Marshall developed his technique called Historical Events Reconstruction Debriefing (HERD). Since that time, PFA has become widely used as an important response to those who have experienced a critical incident. No longer considered a debriefing tool in the military sense, Psychological First Aid today is, as Dr. George Everly of the International Critical Incident Stress Foundation has said, “a supportive and compassionate presence designed to reduce acute psychological distress and/or facilitate continued support, if necessary.” The National Institute of Mental Health describes PFA as “a pragmatically oriented intervention with survivors or emergency responders targeting acute stress reactions and immediate needs.”  And no one who experiences a critical incident is totally untouched by it.

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Relevant Tags: WELLNESS

I Heart My Hot Firefighter and other Internet Obsessions that Wreck Our Perception of Marriage

You think it’s hard being a firefighter? Try being a firefighter’s wife. You’ve heard that phrase before and watched it splash across all your favorite social media feeds and of course the ever popular firefighter t-shirt. Such pride! Those spouses love the challenge of this fire life. They wouldn’t trade it for the world. And their social media comments scream it:

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Relevant Tags: FIREFIGHTER WIFE

Have You Ever Been Left Somewhere?

About 19 years ago my Dear Husband (DH) left me to run a call. He didn’t leave me at home, but at Wal-Mart. Of all places, men don’t leave your wife at Wal-Mart and wives, if you are going to be left somewhere, what a great place to be left. As we were out and about one Saturday afternoon we decided to do some grocery shopping. While in Wal-Mart the tones dropped and my DH started doing the, “I wanna go” dance. So, I said, “Go, but leave me your debit card.” With a look of aggravation, he pulled out his wallet and handed me his debit card.  So, our daughter and I did what mom and daughters do best, we shopped. While were checking out back into Wal-Mart he came.

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Relevant Tags: THE HOMEFRONT

Are There Health Benefits to Using a Fitness App?

With all the fitness apps to choose from, finding the one that works for you can be overwhelming. But, once you find a good one, they can be very beneficial to making your fitness workouts successful. Most fitness apps allow us to log a lot of information about our activity and eating habits in a short period of time. Keeping track of that information can provide the motivation you need to keep you on the right path. Many of these apps are free and can sync with other devices, which makes tracking even easier. Devices that we can wear, such as Fit Bit, Polar and Garmin are just a few of the most popular ones available, so we can see right away what we’ve accomplished.  Mywellness is also compatible with a multitude of apps, syncing diet, activity and biometric measurements to one location.                                                                                                               

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Relevant Tags: CFJ

Mastering the Planning Phase For Your Next Fire Station

Several necessary elements are required in order to successfully plan and execute the design and construction of a new fire station or emergency services facility. Different from most other commercial construction projects, fire stations are a part of the community and therefore are typically very high profile in nature. The need for a well-laid-out plan of attack is paramount so communicating the plan to the local community can be done in a well-thought-out fashion, highlighting the reasons and needs for the new station.

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

Episode 13: Architecture for Firefighters

Three years ago I started this column to share my knowledge, experience and explain how to read construction documents. This issue I decided to randomly pick a floor plan and share my opinions of what I see. Hopefully, you see what I see.

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

How to Tell Your Department’s Story with Dedicated Space for Memorials, Historical Content

“We will never forget.” A simple statement conveying an active and perpetual choice to remember those lost has become an anthem in the public safety community following the events of September 11, 2001. On Sept. 11, 2014, the City of Danville Virginia dedicated a new fire station headquarters rich in symbolism and displays of their local department, the site and the community. The project illustrates how the integration of memorials, museums and historical content within a fire station can foster relationships, tell the story of a department and community, and honor the fire fighting profession all while being cost effective.

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Relevant Tags: THE STATION HOUSE

IndustryNews

KIMTEK’s New Website Offers Faster, Simpler Access to Rescue Transport Products

KIMTEK Corporation’s newly updated website, www.kimtekresearch.com, is fully operational. Improvements specifically targeted the streamlining of searches of the company’s growing product line and its numerous existing and emerging applications. KIMTEK’s prominent line of slide-in FIRELITE® and MEDLITE® transport skid units, engineered to fit pick-up trucks and utility vehicles used for first response in off-road and remote areas, are custom equipped for fire and medical rescue personnel. Featuring easy-to-find links to the KIMTEK products that coordinate with the various manufacturers of these vehicles, the new website simplifies and expedites users’ navigation among the many custom options available to first responders.

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Relevant Tags: IndustryNews



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About the Carolina Fire Rescue EMS Journal

Welcome to the Carolina Fire Rescue EMS Journal! We want to provide you with timely online information and breaking news that best equips you to meet today’s emergency challenges. Among our firefighting articles, you will find the latest in firefighter technology, firefighter training, leadership development and the newest products and services presented in an “Act Now” user friendly format.  We want to be your best online source for the fire and rescue information, resources and reviews you need.
 
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